Tooth decay: where does it come from?

May 17th, 2019 by

Tooth decay: where does it come from?

Tooth decay is something that everyone is likely to suffer from at least once in their life. Learn more about its source and development.

It is estimated that as many as 95% of adult Poles deal with tooth decay. The statistics for children do not show better results: more than half of them deal with advanced tooth decay. What is this decay all about, what is the source and how to deal with it? Please read below to find the answers.

What is the origin of tooth decay?

Tooth decay is the process as a result of which hard tooth tissues are subject to gradual decalcification and decomposition. This is the case as a result of penetration of harmful micro-organisms into the affected tooth. Please remember that human oral cavity is the source of about 50 billion bacteria. Some of them do not have a negative impact on our health but others, if provided with favorable conditions, may prove to be deadly to your teeth – it is all about micro-organisms which decompose sugars and generate organic acids. Streptococcus mutans bacteria are the most harmful, responsible for accumulation of yellow coating on teeth, adhere to enamel permanently.

What supports tooth decay?

Development of harmful bacteria in oral cavity is supported by wrong hygiene and excessive consumption of sweets and other products containing simple sugars. There is a wrong belief that sweets are the only cause of tooth decay. The truth is that decay does not arise from fats, proteins and pure water only.
To limit the tooth decay risk, it is advisable to refrain from sneaking extra food between meals. Beware not only of goodies but also specific kinds of fruits (e.g. citruses contain a lot of sugar which fosters growth of decay). The more carbohydrates you provide to bacteria in your oral cavity, the more difficult it gets to have fresh breath and beautiful smile.

What is the process of tooth decay like?

At the beginning, in the process of decomposing sugars, micro-organisms produce organic acids which reduce natural pH in the oral cavity. Ten minutes after you have eaten your food containing large amounts of carbohydrates, your pH drops to ca. 5.0, which entails demineralization of enamel (the process consists in dissolving and rinsing calcium ions out of teeth). In the aftermath of this process, the enamel gets porous and shows a mat stain which usually gets darker as a result of contacting colorants of the food. At this stage you can still avoid drilling if you visit a dentist in time. Otherwise more bacteria will penetrate the affected tooth, and acids will lead to damage to dentin. These are perfect conditions for tooth decay.

To prevent harmful consequences of tooth decay, arrange a visit with a doctor after you have noticed the above-stated symptoms. If you ignore the signs of disease, it will intensify. To see reliable solutions for healthy and white teeth, visit

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