Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Types, and Treatments

January 29th, 2020 by

Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Types, and Treatments

Skin issues such as acne marks, freckles, and melasma can prevent the skin from having a flawless appearance. Each pigmentation has different causes and treatment methods. In most aesthetic clinics, pigmentation removal treatments are carefully planned depending on the severity of the pigmentation and the patient’s skin type. Read here if you want to know more about the other pigmentations that one can have. 

Below are some pieces of information about hyperpigmentation which will help to understand them further.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

As the skin sense external aggression, it stats to produce excessive amounts of melanin. This then protects the DNA cells by becoming a barrier of protection. Hence, the development of hyperpigmentation. Below are other factors that cause pigmentations:

  • Sun Damage – UV rays can trigger the development of hyperpigmentation as we get older. The cells responsible for producing a skin pigment called melanin gets damaged by the UVA radiation. Also, collagen and other essential proteins get affected.
  • Inflammations – Acne, psoriasis, and eczema are few of the inflammation that can cause brown spots on the skin. This happens due to the trauma that the skin experiences.
  • Hormonal Changes – This usually happens to women during their pregnancy period. Unfortunately, hormones trigger melasma resulting in dark patches on the skin.

What are the Types Of Hyperpigmentation?

Various types of hyperpigmentation each has its unique characteristics that may need different methods of treatments. Here are the common types of hyperpigmentation: 


Melasma has a brownish and symmetrical appearance. It usually happens to women and people who have darker tones. Factors that cause melasma are:

  1. Hormonal Imbalances
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Sun exposure

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

PIH develops after an injury, skin infection, and inflammation. Depending on the severity of the pigmentation, some may fade away after a few months, while some may need special treatment to get rid of it completely.

Solar Lentigo

This type of hyperpigmentation can sometimes be mistaken for freckles, but their difference is solar lentigo has a larger and defined appearance. Such pigmentations are harmless. The UV radiation can cause the melanin to accumulate within the skin cells, which leads to the development of dark spots. Solar lentigos can be seen on the face or the back of the hands. 


If you are fond of staying under the sun for too long, you’ll most likely develop freckles. Some people find it disturbing when they see freckles on their skin. Such skin pigmentation has a brown, tan, or reddish appearance. Too much sun exposure can even wake it darker, leading to solar lentigos. 

How To Treat Hyperpigmentation?

Most people who suffer from skin pigmentations will do anything to get rid of their black patches on the skin — good thing various treatment options can effectively treat all kinds of hyperpigmentation.

  • Laser Treatments – this treatment has a more advanced approach as it targets the deeper layers of the skin. The laser energy delivered into the skin destroys the pigmented cells into smaller pieces.
  • Pro Yellow Laser – This treatment utilizes a 577nm that has a 40% higher absorption rate to treat blood vessels. This helps thicken the blood inside the vessels to lessen the blistering that happens in other treatment methods.
  • Chemical Peels – Chemical peeling removes the outer surface of the skin. This then triggers the body to begin its natural healing process by producing collagen to even out the skin tone.